How Do Exchange Spread Reductions In Nigeria Affect The Traders?

When you initially begin exploring for suitable Forex brokers, you might realize that although some of them claim to offer zero-commission services, others charge commissions for each trade that is executed. This often implies that brokers use so-called exchange spreads, which can reduce transactional costs, rather than levying charges.

When you trade foreign exchange, you often do it through the best forex broker in Nigeria who buys and sells currencies to and from traders. There is a disparity between the price at which a broker sells a currency and the price at which a trader purchases it because traders employ brokers rather than engaging in direct trading on the Forex market. A spread is a name given to this discrepancy.

What Distinguishes a Spread From a Commission?

Spreads and conventional commissions both do the same task: paying a broker for his or her services. They function quite differently, though.

When traders first indulge in online forex trading in Nigeria, spreads are included in the price provided to them. Spreads can be both variable and fixed. The difference between the two is that a flexible spread may be changed by the broker following the state of the market, whilst a fixed spread doesn’t change regardless of those conditions. You also need to keep in mind that you must pay a spread just once for each deal.

Regarding commissions, they are separate expenses billed by the broker and are not part of the price offered. The majority of the time, commissions are fixed, which means that both low-volume transactions and high-volume trades will cost the same amount. When you enter and exit a trade, commissions are also charged twice.

Depending on your needs and trading style, one choice may be preferable to another. Yet, spreads are preferred by the majority of Forex traders since they may be altered and provide more lucrative trading chances.

Floating And Fixed Spread:

A spread can either be fixed or variable, as you well know. Even if the state of the market changes, a set spread remains constant. As the transactional cost is constant and there is no chance that it would exceed the return, this might be advantageous in unpredictable markets or for novice traders. A fixed spread, however, may be requoted suddenly and without warning, which might interfere with your transactions.

When the market circumstances change, a floating spread is modified. When there isn’t much activity on the market, it may get tighter, and when volatility is significant, it may become wider. Because a floating spread is based on the supply and demand for currencies, you should be ready for a wider spread when you anticipate active market trading.

Dealing with volatile spreads can be risky for new traders since transaction fees can quickly outweigh total trade profits. Yet, they increase trade transparency and let you know exactly what you’re paying for.

How Can I Trade With a Small Spread?

Trading with a tight spread is substantially more rewarding for traders. Your ability to invest more money in your transactions and so increase your overall return will increase as you spend less money on transactional charges.

Large amounts of liquidity are the primary cause of tight spreads. The spread often remains extremely narrow when the market encounters a spike in traded volume. It is simpler for traders to buy and sell a popular Forex pair, turning their investment into profit. A broker earns a greater spread the more a currency pair is exchanged.

Nevertheless, if trading is slow and liquidity is poor, a broker won’t make much money by keeping the spread amount narrow, which increases the spread that prospective traders must pay.

Several elements contribute to the market’s strong liquidity, including:

The Time of day

Throughout the week, the Forex market is open around-the-clock, so you may keep trading whenever you like. Yet, not many people consider that there are certain restrictions when it comes to exchanging currencies. For instance, the Forex markets in Europe and Asia start to trade during regular business hours, which do not coincide.


Exchange rates can shift erratically when the market is unstable. As a result, the spread will probably widen even further to make up for the market’s lack of stability and to keep up with the shifting levels of supply and demand. This is why trading in erratic markets while attempting to reduce transaction costs may be difficult.

Economic And Political Developments

Political and economic developments can affect a currency’s strength by causing traders to pay more or less attention to it. Moreover, they have the potential to increase market volatility temporarily, which would increase the spread.

Brokers occasionally will lower their spreads as a promotional incentive to draw in additional traders. When this occurs, you have the opportunity to benefit from reduced spreads without being concerned about strong volatility or liquidity.

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